Life and Works of Mahatma Gandhi

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When Mahatma Gandhi  was born in British rule had been established in India. The uprising of 1857 known as the Mutiny had merely serve to consolidate the British adventure into an Empire in India. India had effectively passed under British rule, effectively indeed, that instead of resenting alien rule the generation of educated Indians were eager to submit to the civilizing mission of their foreign Masters. Political subjection had been reinforced by the intellectual and moral civility in India. It seemed that the British rule in India was safe for centuries.

Free India mourned his loss when Mahatma Gandhi died. The disherited had recovered their heritage and the dumb millions had found their voice. He won a great battle and had in a process evolved a moral force such as compel the attention and to some degree admiration of the world. Gandhi’s life is the story of miracle. He was the architect of this miracle. After this the country called him the ‘Father of the Nation’.

Birth of Mahatma Gandhi

In the early days India was made up of a large number of a small Princely Kingdom. Porbandar in Gujarat was one of Princely Kingdom. Gandhiji’s father name is Karamchand Gandhi. He was popularly known as Kaba. Kaba Gandhi was a minister there. Karamchand Gandhi was and honest upright man, a strict disciplinary and very short tempered. Gandhiji’s mother name is Putlibai. She was extremely religious person  she would not have her meal until she had worshipped to the sun. She was a very humble and loving person and immensely hardworking.

Gandhiji was born to these parents on 2nd October 1869. He was their youngest son. His parents named him Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. The strict discipline of his father religious bent of mind of his mother, all influenced Gandhiji greatly. He was very attached to his parents and brothers. As a child he was not very brave. He was mostly afraid of the ghosts, dark and spirits and also often Snakes and Scorpions. As his father was in Rajkot at that time he attended the school there. Being extremely shy hr did not mix with the other children. In the beginning he did not like some of the subjects that would taught to him but with encouragement from his teachers and parents he studied them and begun to enjoy them.

Mahatma Gandhi Early Life

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2nd 1869 at Porbandar a small town on the Western coast of India he was born in middle class family of Vaishya caste his grandfather had rice and to be the Diwan of prime minister of Porbandar and was succeeded by his son Karamchand Gandhi was the father of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Gandhiji is mother Putlibai was a Central character gentle and devout and left a deep impression on her son’s mind

He went to an elementary school in Porbandar, where he found it difficult to master the multiplication table. He said, “My intellect must have been sluggish and my memory raw”. Gandhiji was 7 years when his family moved to Rajkot, another state in Katiyawar where his father became Diwan. There he attendant primary school and later joined high school. Though he was a mediocre student and was very shy and timid. His school record shows no indication of his future greatness. There was one incident which was significant.

A British School Inspector came to examine the boys and set a spelling test. Gandhiji made a mistake which then class teacher noticed the letter mention to him to copy the correct spelling from his classmate. But he refused to take the hint and later chided by his stupidity. When he was still in high school he was married at the age of 13 to Kasturbai who was also of the same age.

Mahatma Gandhi Education

After completing his matriculation from the high school, Gandhiji joined Shamal Das college in Bhavnagar, where he found the studies difficult and atmosphere uncongenial, meanwhile, his father had died in 1885. A friend suggested him that if he hope to take his father’s place in the state service. He had better become a barrister which he could do in England in 3 years. Gandhi got the idea. The  mother objections to his going a broad was overcome by the son solemn vow not to touch wine, women and meet. Mohandas went to Bombay to take the board for England. In Bombay his caste people who looked upon crossing the ocean as contamination, threatened to excommunicate him if he persisted the going abroad. Underrated he sailed on 4 September 1884 for Southampton aged 18. A few months earlier Kasturbai had borne him a son.

Emergence of the Mahatma

Rabindranath Tagore was the first person who used the word Mahatma for Gandhiji. Meaning of word Mahatma in Sanskrit is “Great Soul’. His great thoughts and ideologies made people honor him for calling him Mahatma Gandhi. Just like the title bestowed upon him, his sacrifices for the India and struggle to make his believes a realities a matter of great Pride for Indians all over the world. In South Africa he was the first to start a non violent protest movement. it made him different from the other protestors there. Gandhiji also created the concept of Satyagraha which is a non violent way of protesting injustice. He spent 20 years of his life in South Africa fighting for discrimination.

Mahatma Gandhi Ideology

His ideology of ‘ahimsa’ meaning not to injured anyone. Many great personality and people followed it. Gandhiji started the Khadi movement to push the use of fibres like Khadi or Jut. Khadi movement was part of the greatest movement, The Non-cooperation movement which is encouraged the use of Indian goods and stopped the use of foreign goods. Mahatma Gandhi was a strong supporter of agriculture and motivated people to do agriculture works in there home ground. He inspired Indian people for manual labour and said they should arrange all the resources own shelf for living a simple life and becoming self dependent. He started weaving cotton clothes through the use of Charkha in order to avoid the use of foreign goods and promote the use of Swadeshi goods among Indians.

Quit India Movement

Mahatma Gandhi interned at Aga Khan Palace near Poona . He was greatly affected by the terror training in the country. The British government charged that he was responsible for a violence. He entered into a long correspondence with the government which ended in his fasting for 21 days. The fast which began on 10 February 1943, his condition grew very very critical that it was feared he would not survive died suddenly of heart failure in the year 1943 Kasturba fell ill and in February of the following year she to too died.

The Mental strain  he had gone through this arrest told on Gandhi’s health and 6 weeks after Kasturbai death he had a severe attack of malaria. The doctor’s bulletin described his general condition as give the rise to the anxiety on May 3rd. The government embarrassed by the public agitation caused by the news of his illness, released him on 6 May.

He was very weak but he did not sit idle and watch the situation in the country. He asked to see the viceroy but Lord Wavewell decline to meet him. Mahatma Gandhi knew that the British were encouraging Muslim demands to keep the Hindus and Muslims apart and  were using their difference is an excuse for their continued occupation of India. His Political career had worked with passionately for Hindu Muslim accord. He had made the Khilafat cause his own and had later fasted to bring about communal harmony in the 1919. But the more he tried to palacate the Muslim the more adamant and extravagant grew their demands until their leader Jinnah would be satisfied with nothing less than a separate state for the Muslims.

15 August, 1947

India formally achieved Independence from British rule. However the partition of the subcontinent in to India and Pakistan is a great disappointment to Gandhi ji, who has long worked for Hindu-Muslim unity. Rioting between Muslims and Hindus over the partition break out in many areas. Again Gandhiji turned non violence, fasting until Delhi rioters pledged peace.

Mahatma Gandhi Death

He was assassinated on 30 January 1948 at the age 78 in the compound of Birla house a large Mansion in Central New Delhi by Nathuram Godse. On January 29 one of the fanatics, a man in his thirties named Nathuram Godse return to Delhi and with baretta automatic pistol. In the afternoon of the next day the 78 years old Gandhiji frail from fasting was being helped across the Gardens of Birla house by his great nieces on his way to a prayer meeting when Nathuram Godse emerged from the admiring crowd, bowed to him and shot him three times at point blank range in the stomach and chest. Gandhi ji raised his hands in front of his face in the conventional Hindu gesture of greeting almost if he was welcoming his murderer and slumped to the ground mortally wounded. Some said that he cried out Ram Ram.


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